There are very few things in life that can act as boon and bane in equal measure. Fire, an integral part of our day-to-day lives, is one of those. On a regular day, we cook food, preserve it, chill by it during winters, and it is the center stage of memories for a lifetime.
But when it becomes violent, you would seldom want to be on its radar. Be it forest fires, house fires, or any other kind, millions of human beings, animals, and birds lose their lives every year because of it.
If a fire spreads, it is impossible to ascertain who will bear its wrath and who will be left relatively unharmed, but taking some precautions can reduce its impact.
In this article, we discuss 10 essential tips for surviving fire.
What can you do if a fire breaks out?
Fire, irrespective of where it starts, can prove hazardous for its surroundings. But home fires are the most common, and if you are not paying enough attention, it will take minutes to turn everything into ashes.
If you someday find yourself in the middle of one, find ways to cut off the incoming oxygen to delay the spread of smoke and fire.
It is imperative to understand human lives are far more valuable than those tangible possessions, such as gold and others. So your primary impetus must be on safeguarding human lives and minimizing fire’s impact on them. Once the fire is out, wait for the experts to tell you it is safe to go back.
Fire survival tips
Here are the top 10 fire survival tips worth imbibing –
- Create an escape plan beforehand
Fire is a highly uncertain occurrence. To ensure you give yourself the best chances to escape unscathed, curate multiple versions of an escape plan. It includes the routes, where to meet after that, and things/humans/animals to save. You must have a leader to contact the requisite people for help.
- Have the essentials in place
Depending on the plan in place and your surroundings, you would need some essentials to escape a fire situation. It includes ladders, ropes, and other necessities. You need not hang them from every window, but ensure that they would work when in need.
- Invest in safety alarms
In some countries, houses come with fire alarms installed by default. If you live in Asian or African countries, it is imperative to install it in every room and level of your house. Also, test them periodically to establish their viability.
- Make sure that the fire extinguisher is up and running
Most people overlook the need for fire extinguishers for their homes. In an ideal scenario, there should be multiple extinguishers placed in areas easily accessible. Also, make sure that you keep a tab on their expiry date and renew them without fail.
- Test your doors and windows for temperature
If you are in the midst of a fire, use the back of your hand to feel a door. If the same is hot, it would inform you of a fire in the adjacent room. Smoke coming from the cracks between the walls and the door is another signal of a fire being ablaze.
- Cover your mouth and nose with a wet cloth
Inhaling smoke can be dangerous for your body and also leads to unconsciousness. To prevent the same, you can cover your mouth and nose with a piece of cloth soaked in water. It would filter the air you inhale.
- Keep emergency kits around the exit
Most people don’t plan for fires, and that often proves hazardous for their families. Instead, curate some emergency kits with the necessities, and place them near your exits to help you in the crunch situation.
- Test your plan for viability
Robberies aren’t done in a day. Similarly, if you are caught in a fire unprepared, you would barely escape without suffering sizable damage. To give yourself some chance, run periodic drills with your closed ones to ensure you give yourself higher chances of escaping.
- Once evacuated, don’t go back anytime soon
Post evacuation, it is imperative that you do not try to break in and stop any family members planning the same. It would be best to wait for the experts to inform you when it is safe for you to go back.
- Call for help
There are times when all your efforts to tackle a fire prove futile. In such a situation, you can call for help from neighbors and dial the fire department to ensure your wellbeing. Open the nearest window, or throw things that would make noise to inform others of your existence or that you are in trouble.
When we are in a crunch, we let our nerves take over and make foolish decisions. Instead, plan carefully and find the most feasible way out from a fire breakout.